Studies have revealed that hair loss in women is caused due to the actions of two enzymes namely, aromatase (found mostly in women) and 5-a reductase (found in both men and women). Though diffuse hair loss in women is primarily inherited, yet it may also occur due to some other prevailing medical conditions or treatments being taken by the patient. However, it’s really essential that a thorough medical evaluation is conducted to find the root cause of hair loss.
Let’s examine how genetic hair loss occurs in women and conditions and drugs that usually causes diffuse hair loss amongst them.
Like men, women also possess 5-a reductase enzyme which reacts with testosterone to produce DHT, which leads to the miniaturization of hair amongst them. But the reason they don’t go completely bald is primarily because of the fact that they possess 5-a reductase only in half quantity as compared to men. Furthermore the enzyme aromatase present in women known to form the female hormones, estrone and estradiol, subsides the effect of DHT. They possess much more aromatase than men along the frontal hairline due to which do not lose hair extensively in that region. It also explains the reason why women don’t benefit much from finasteride (Propecia), which is primarily known to block the formation of DHT amongst men.
Women’s hairs are sensitive to certain systemic medical conditions which often cause diffuse hair loss in women. They are:
There are many drugs in the market that can cause ‘telogen effluvium’, a condition in which the hair follicle enters the resting stage for several months and then suddenly sheds itself. But this condition is reversible if the medication being taken is stopped. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy also cause a type of diffuse hair loss known as ‘anagen effluvium’ in which an individual rapidly loses hair. It’s also possible to prevent hair loss condition if the therapy is stopped; just that it’s pretty tough to restore the hairs’ initial thickness.
There are many dermatologic conditions that are known to cause localized hair loss amongst women. It can be diagnosed by an experienced dermatologist by conducting a scalp biopsy. It can be of two types: Scarring and Non Scarring.
It may be caused due to Discoid Lupus, Lichen Planus, thermal burns, local radiation therapy, face-lift surgeries and other infections. These alopecias can be treated effectively with hair transplantation.
Alopecia Areata is a genetic disease in which an individual abruptly faces round patches of hair loss though the skin underneath seems perfectly fine.
Localized hair loss may also occur due to constant pulling of hairs which may be caused due to braiding or tight clips. It may lead to their (hair) thinning in the process. It’s possible to reverse the situation if the hairs are let loose. It’s essential that the tugging impact gets reduced so that the hair can recover from injury.
Though there are other dominant factors which may cause hair loss, yet aging also plays a significant role in decreasing the volume of hair on an individual’s scalp. Senile alopecia is described as that condition in which an individual gradually loses hair and their thickness due to aging and is in no way connected to genetic balding. So, it’s definite that individuals will lose hair gradually due to aging but there’s really no certainty at what point this process may begin in an individual’s life since everybody’s genetic makeup varies radically.
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Disclaimer: The content published on this website (hairtransplantdelhi.org) is meant to spread awareness and educate the concerned patients regarding baldness and hair transplant as well as the treatments options available for the same. Any information on the website shall not be regarded as a prescription from a professional dermatologist. We recommend visiting a dermatologist in person for the right diagnosis and the treatment for any hair issues. We do not guarantee of specific results as the treatments and the results vary from person to person.